Peptide based vaccines offer practical advantages, but unmodified peptides usually require an adjuvant or delivery vehicle to promote immunogenicity. When peptides containing ovalbumin (OVA) derived CD4 and CD8 T cell epitopes were conjugated to 0.05 microm nano-beads, they gave strong immune responses and inhibition of growth of tumour cells expressing the CD8 T cell epitope with MHC class I. These responses were inducible with both high (50 microg) and low (5 microg) peptide doses after a single immunisation. The helper CD4 T cell epitope was unnecessary for induction of CD8 T cell or tumour challenge responses. However, the CD4 T cell epitope contained a B cell epitope and triggered strong antibody responses. This simple approach offers a convenient experimental tool and a potentially useful clinical method for peptide immunisation.