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The incidence of hepatitis B infection in Australia: an epidemiological review.

Kaldor JM, Plant AJ, Thompson SC, Longbottom H, Rowbottom J

  • Journal The Medical journal of Australia

  • Published 20 Nov 1996

  • Volume 165

  • ISSUE 6

  • Pagination 322-6

  • DOI 10.5694/j.1326-5377.1996.tb124993.x


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Australia remains a significant problem despite the availability of an inexpensive vaccine. National information about incidence, prevalence, morbidity and the extent of vaccine coverage is incomplete; improved surveillance would allow for better targeting and evaluation of prevention activities. Our estimates indicate that 75%-90% of cases of vertical transmission of HBV are preventable through vaccination of newborns whose mothers are carriers.