Fc receptor (FcR) and complement receptor (CR) expression on HIV-infected monocyte-derived macrophages may be an important determinant of immune function. We studied the effects of HIV-1 infection of macrophages in vitro on FcR and CR expression. Macrophages were infected with HIV-1DV 7 days following isolation, and the expression of Fc gamma RI-III and CR3 were measured at intervals thereafter by flow cytometry. We found a reduction in receptor expression with the percentage of cells expressing FcRI 14 days post infection declining from 77% to 13%, FcRII fell from 96% to 85%, FcRIII from 45% to 9%, and CR3 from 91% to 67% 14 days following infection. As these receptors are important for macrophage function, their down-modulation may contribute to the pathogenesis of HIV-related disease.