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Effects of nevirapine, compared with lamivudine, on lipids and lipoproteins in HIV-1-uninfected newborns: the stopping infection from mother-to-child via breast-feeding in Africa lipid substudy.

Sankatsing RR, Wit FW, Pakker N, Vyankandondera J, Mmiro F, Okong P, Kastelein JJ, Lange JM, Stroes ES, Reiss P

  • Journal The Journal of infectious diseases

  • Published 16 May 2007

  • Volume 196

  • ISSUE 1

  • Pagination 15-22

  • DOI 10.1086/518248


The objective of the present study was to assess whether the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c)-increasing effect of nevirapine (NVP), as observed in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected subjects, at least in part may relate to intrinsic properties of NVP.

At 2, 6, and 12 weeks after birth, complete lipid profiles as well as plasma apolipoproteins levels were assessed in 80 HIV-uninfected newborns, half of whom received NVP and half lamivudine (3TC), respectively. Newborns were randomly selected from a randomized trial in which NVP or 3TC had been administered to HIV-uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers to try and prevent HIV-1 transmission from occurring during breast-feeding.

After 6 weeks of therapy, the expected physiological decline in HDL-c levels in the newborns was attenuated in infants treated with NVP, compared with levels in those treated with 3TC. Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) levels were higher at all time points in the NVP arm than they were in the 3TC arm (P=.02), reaching peak levels at 6 weeks. The difference in HDL-c was no longer significant at 12 weeks.

apoA-I levels and HDL-c were elevated in HIV-1-uninfected newborns receiving NVP, compared with those receiving 3TC. These data support that NVP may indeed have intrinsic apoA-I and HDL-c elevating properties in humans.