Health challenges

Indonesia consists of approximately 17 000 islands, located between Asia and Australia and is prone to natural disasters, landslide, floods and volcano eruptions. The tsunami of 26 December 2004 substantially impacted on the health of affected populations.

The Ministry of Health’s (MoH RI) Strategic Plan 2010–2014 outlines a mission to enhance health status through community empowerment involving private sector and civil society, preventing and overcoming health problems faced by the community through availability of comprehensive and equitable health services and health resources supported by good governance.

The major health problems currently affecting Indonesia according to the World Health Organization are:

  • Communicable diseases – almost 250 people die every day from tuberculosis, with over half a million cases estimated to occur every year (WHO GTB 2009) and malaria remains a major concern.

  • Large-scale outbreaks of dengue haemorrhagic fever are reported every year.

  • Case fatality rates for avian influenza in 2008 was nearly 81 percent. Significant efforts continue to be invested in prevention and control of avian influenza and emerging infectious diseases, with pandemic preparedness at its core.

  • The re-introduction and spread of poliomyelitis in 2005 in several provinces after a period of 10 years, and reported measles and diphtheria outbreaks pointed to problems with the local immunisation programs.

  • At the end of 2006, an estimated 293,200 Indonesians were living with HIV (National AIDS Commission Publication, 2009).

Burnet’s work

While our work has been concentrated on HIV and sexual and reproductive health, we have demonstrated expertise and experience in working across a full range of public health issues. Priority areas of work in Indonesia are currently prevention, care, support and treatment of emerging and re-emerging diseases, including HIV and other diseases that are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Indonesia; sexual and reproductive health and women’s and children’s health.

  • Programs - supporting the design, development and implementation of quality public health programs by local partners, based on needs identified together with local stakeholders and communities.

  • Education and Inquiry - Designing and delivering training, workshops and courses and providing mentoring to build local capacity to achieve program objectives. Together with government and academic institutions, conducting social studies and building evidence bases to inform innovative and effective public health programming.

  • Learning - Participating in networks, forums, policy steering groups and working groups to share best practices and lessons learned, so as to build an enabling environment for continuous improvement in the sector.

Contact Details

For more information about our work in Indonesia, please contact:

Burnet Institute




Current Projects

  • Gender Counts

  • Non-communicable diseases in adolescents in Indonesia

  • Rapid review of maternal health recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic

  • Sexual and reproductive health in Asia and the Pacific

  • Zero TB initiative Yogyakarta