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China-Australia Health and HIV/AIDS Facility (2007-2012)

A partnership between the Australian Government and the Government of the People’s Republic of China – supporting the Chinese Government’s health reform priorities.

The Burnet Institute, in association with HLSP, managed the China-Australia Health and HIV/AIDS Facility (CAHHF) on behalf of AusAID, now Australian AID. The Facility was a new form of development partnership that is flexible and responsive.

CAHHF used expertise from both Chinese and Australian health institutions to support the Chinese Government’s health reform priorities.


Photo: Ministerial Health Policy Dialogue supported by CAHHF, 2011


The Facility’s major aims were to:

  • Improve China’s capacity to strengthen its health systems
  • Protect its population against emerging infectious diseases
  • Halt and reverse the spread of HIV.

From 2007-2012, CAHHF approved 52 research and development activities. These were led by 29 Chinese organisations, working in partnership with 26 Australian partner institutions.

CAHHF contributed in a variety of ways, including:

  • engagement with health policy and health system strengthening, especially in current health reform areas
  • promotion of sustainable China-Australia partnerships
  • development of capacity in China’s health system
  • promotion of gender equality
  • demonstration of regional impact.

The majority of activities directly supported the five key priorities of China’s health care reform:

  • Accelerate development of the basic health insurance system (3 activities)
  • Establish a national essential drugs system (2 activities)
  • Strengthen the primary health care service system (21 activities)
  • Steadily expand access to basic public health services (18 activities)
  • Advance public hospital reform (5 activities)


Photo: Patient consultation in Hubei province


Supporting health policy development and health system strengthening:
  • CAHHF research findings or policy recommendations have been used in 54 national or local level policy documents.
  • CAHHF policy relevant research has been published in 152 articles in national journals and eight articles in international journals.
Creation of sustainable Australian and Chinese partnerships:
  • CAHHF has strengthened existing partnerships and supported new partnerships by providing additional avenues for collaborative work on policy-relevant topics.
  • CAHHF-supported partnerships are now leading to formal longer-term relationships that have the potential to be sustained and expand beyond CAHHF.
Increased capacity within China’s health system:
  • CAHHF activities produced stronger policies, strategies, guidelines and technical resources in key health reform areas, which are better informed by evidence.
  • New models for better delivery of health services were demonstrated through CAHHF-supported activities.
  • CAHHF facilitated a shared understanding between policy-makers and research institutions on how to generate evidence for effective health policy.
Greater gender equality in health:
  • CAHHF improved capacity to integrate gender into the design and implementation of activities in order to achieve greater gender equality in health.
Regional impact:
  • CAHHF supported activities on emerging infectious diseases have high potential for positive regional outcomes. China is an important player in regional and international efforts to prevent and control such diseases.
  • CAHHF supported global health diplomacy training involving senior health officials from the Pacific Islands, building capacity to contribute to the global policy environment for health.


Burnet Institute

Contact Burnet Institute for more information about the project


Funding Partners

  • Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID)

Partners + Collaborators

Oversight for CAHHF was provided by a bilateral program committee, comprising:

  • Chinese Ministry of Health
  • Australian Department of Health and Ageing
  • Chinese Ministry of Commerce
  • AusAID