PURPOSE: To establish the pharmacokinetics and safety of single-dose polyclonal caprine anti-HIV antibodies ((PE)HRG214)in HIV-1-infected individuals.
DESIGN: A phase 1, open-label, nonrandomized, dose-escalating study.
METHOD: HIV-1-infected patients with CD4+ T-cell counts of < or =200 cells/microL and plasma HIV viral load (VL)of > or =5,000 copies/mL received a single intravenous dose of HRG. Dosing began at 6,000 U/kg HRG with proposed step-wise escalation to 96,000 U/kg.
RESULTS: Eleven males were enrolled; median CD4+T-cell count and VL were 96 cells/microL and 126,200 copies/mL, respectively. HRG exhibited linear pharmacokinetics across the dosing range studied. The mean terminal elimination half-life (t(½)) was 136.6 +/- 44.6 hours (range, 52.6-198 h). Serum sickness occurred in one 48,000 U/kg HRG recipient. One 6,000 U/kg and two 24,000 U/kg HRG recipients developed a mild rash. Between baseline and day 60, VL remained unchanged (n = 6), increased by 0.67 log(10) copies/mL (n = 1), or declined by 0.34-1.55 log(10) copies/mL (n = 4).
CONCLUSION: Single-dose HRG exhibited linear kinetics and a long half-life. Although numbers in each dosing group were very small (n = 3), HRG was generally well tolerated in doses below 48,000 U/kg. Multiple dosing with HRG in the HIV-salvage setting may be complicated by immune-complex formation.