Publications & Reports

The "work" of women when considering and using interventions to reduce mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV.

Giles ML, Hellard ME, Lewin SR, O'Brien ML
The Alfred Hospital, Infectious Diseases Unit, Melbourne, Australia. [email protected]


This paper explores HIV-infected women’s experiences of considering and using recommended interventions during pregnancy and postpartum to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Data were collected from 45 HIV-infected women aged 18-44 years living in Melbourne, Australia.

A semi-structured interview was used to collect qualitative information on women’s reproductive experience and intentions.

The 15 women who had their children after their HIV diagnosis engaged in significant work including surveillance and safety work to minimise stigma and infection, information work to inform decisions and actions, accounting work to calculate risk and benefit, hope and worry work concerning a child’s infection status and impact of interventions, work to redefine an acceptable maternal identity, work to prepare an alternative story to counter the disclosure effect of the intervention and emotional work to reconcile guilt when considering these interventions.

This study provides a framework to help clinicians understand the real and on-going “work” that women engage in when they are considering interventions recommended by their physicians to reduce transmission of HIV.

Even in circumstances where access to and acceptance of interventions are high, women continue to engage in this work even after they have a made a decision about a particular intervention.


  • Journal: AIDS Care
  • Published: 01/10/2009
  • Volume: 21
  • Issue: 10
  • Pagination: 1230-1237