Publications & Reports

Molecular docking of carbohydrate ligands to antibodies: structural validation against crystal structures.

Agostino M, Jene C, Boyle T, Ramsland PA, Yuriev E
Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Action, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia.

Abstract

Cell surface glycoproteins play vital roles in cellular homeostasis and disease. Antibody recognition of glycosylation on different cells and pathogens is critically important for immune surveillance. Conversely, adverse immune reactions resulting from antibody-carbohydrate interactions have been implicated in the development of autoimmune diseases and impact areas such as xenotransplantation and cancer treatment. Understanding the nature of antibody-carbohydrate interactions and the method by which saccharides fit into antibody binding sites is important in understanding the recognition process. In silico techniques offer attractive alternatives to experimental methods (X-ray crystallography and NMR) for the study of antibody-carbohydrate complexes. In particular, molecular docking provides information about protein-ligand interactions in systems that are difficult to study with experimental techniques. Before molecular docking can be used to investigate antibody-carbohydrate complexes, validation of an appropriate docking method is required. In this study, four popular docking programs, Glide, AutoDock, GOLD, and FlexX, were assessed for their ability to accurately dock carbohydrates to antibodies. Comparison of top ranking poses with crystal structures highlighted the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Rigid docking, in which the protein conformation remains static, and flexible docking, where both the protein and ligand are treated as flexible, were compared. This study has revealed that generally molecular docking of carbohydrates to antibodies has been performed best by Glide.

Publication

  • Journal: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
  • Published: 01/12/2009
  • Volume: 49
  • Issue: 12
  • Pagination: 2749-2760