Publications & Reports

Systematic review on the cost and cost-effectiveness of mHealth interventions supporting women during pregnancy.

Carrandi A, Hu Y, Karger S, Eddy KE, Vogel JP, Harrison CL, Callander E
Women's Health Economics, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia. Electronic address: [email protected]


OBJECTIVES: The increased integration of digital health into maternity care-alongside growing use of, and access to, personal digital technology among pregnant women-warrants an investigation of the cost-effectiveness of mHealth interventions used by women during pregnancy and the methodological quality of the cost-effectiveness studies. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed studies published in the last ten years (2011-2021) reporting on the costs or cost-effectiveness of mHealth interventions used by women during pregnancy. Available data related to program costs, total incremental costs and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were reported in 2020 United States Dollars. The quality of cost-effectiveness studies was assessed using the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS). FINDINGS: Nine articles reporting on eight studies met the inclusion criteria. Direct intervention costs ranged from $7.04 to $86 per woman, total program costs ranged from $241,341 to $331,136 and total incremental costs ranged from -$21.16 to $1.12 million per woman. The following ICERs were reported: $2168 per DALY averted, $203.44 per woman ceasing smoking, and $3475 per QALY gained. The full economic evaluation studies (n = 4) were moderate to high in quality and all reported the mHealth intervention as cost-effective. Other studies (n = 4) were low to moderate in quality and reported low costs or cost savings associated with the implementation of the mHealth intervention. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: Preliminary evidence suggests mHealth interventions may be cost-effective and “low-cost” but more evidence is needed to ascertain the cost-effectiveness of mHealth interventions regarding positive maternal and child health outcomes and longer-term health service utilisation.

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  • Journal: Women and Birth
  • Published: 23/03/2022
  • Volume: Epub ahead of print