Publications & Reports

Changes in Alcoholic Beverage Choice and Risky Drinking among Adolescents in Europe 1999-2019.

Loy JK, Seitz NN, Bye EK, Dietze P, Kilian C, Manthey J, Raitasalo K, Soellner R, Trolldal B, Törrönen J, Kraus L
IFT Institut fur Therapieforschung, 80804 Munchen, Germany.


This paper explores trends in beverage preference in adolescents, identifies related regional differences, and examines cluster differences in key drinking measures. Data were obtained from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD), covering 24 European countries between 1999 and 2019. Trends in the distribution of alcoholic beverages on the participants' most recent drinking occasion were analysed by sex and country using fractional multinomial logit regression. Clusters of countries based on trends and predicted beverage proportions were compared regarding the prevalence of drinkers, mean alcohol volume and prevalence of heavy drinking. Four distinct clusters each among girls and boys emerged. Among girls, there was not one type of beverage that was preferred across clusters, but the proportion of cider/alcopops strongly increased over time in most clusters. Among boys, the proportion of beer decreased, but was dominant across time in all clusters. Only northern European countries formed a geographically defined region with the highest prevalence of heavy drinking and average alcohol volume in both genders. Adolescent beverage preferences are associated with mean alcohol volume and heavy drinking at a country-level. Future approaches to drinking cultures need to take subpopulations such as adolescents into account.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health
  • Published: 18/10/2021
  • Volume: 18
  • Issue: 20
  • Pagination: 10933