Background The aim of this review is to explore acceptability, barriers, and facilitators to PrEP use among African migrants in high-income countries. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to explore reasons that contribute to low PrEP uptake in this population. Three online databases, abstracts from key conferences and reference lists of relevant studies articles published between the 2 July 2018 and 3 March 2019 were searched. Narrative synthesis was performed on quantitative data and thematic synthesis was performed on qualitative data. RESULTS: Of 1779 titles retrieved, two cross-sectional studies (United States (US) (n = 1), United Kingdom (UK) (n = 1)) and six qualitative studies (US (n = 2), UK (n = 3), Australia (n = 1)) met inclusion criteria. PrEP acceptability was reported in one cross-sectional article and two qualitative articles. Cross-sectional studies measured acceptability and willingness to use PrEP; in one study, 46% of African migrant men found PrEP use acceptable, and following PrEP education, another study categorised 60% of participants as willing to use PrEP if it were cost-free. Qualitative studies reported mixed acceptability, with higher acceptability reported for serodiscordant couples. Barriers and facilitators to PrEP use were coded into five themes: cultural aspects of stigma; knowledge gap in health literacy; risks unrelated to HIV transmission; practical considerations for PrEP use; and the impact of PrEP use on serodiscordant couples. CONCLUSIONS: Several common barriers to PrEP use, including stigma, health literacy and risk perception and cost, were identified. Findings were limited by there being no published data on uptake. Additional work is needed to understand PrEP acceptability and uptake among African migrants.
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