Publications & Reports

CytoBas: Precision component-resolved diagnostics for allergy using flow cytometric staining of basophils with recombinant allergen tetramers.

McKenzie CI, Varese N, Aui PM, Wines BD, Hogarth PM, Thien F, Hew M, Rolland JM, O'Hehir RE, van Zelm MC
Department of Immunology and Pathology, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tests for allergyrely on detecting allergen-specific IgE.Component-resolved diagnostics incorporatemultipledefined allergen components to improve the quality of diagnosis and patient care. OBJECTIVE: To develop a new approach for determining sensitization to specific allergen componentsthat utilizes fluorescent protein tetramers for direct staining of IgE on blood basophils by flowcytometry. METHODS: Recombinant forms ofLol p 1 and Lol p 5 proteins from ryegrass pollen (RGP) and Api m 1 from honeybee venom (BV) were produced, biotinylated and tetramerized with streptavidin-fluorochromeconjugates. Blood samples from 50 RGP-allergic, 41 BV-allergic and 26 controls were incubated with fluorescent protein tetramers for flow cytometric evaluation ofbasophil allergen binding and activation. RESULTS: Allergen tetramers bound to and activated basophils from relevant allergic patients but not controls. Direct fluorescence staining of Api m 1 and Lol p 1 tetramers had greater positive predictive values than basophil activation for BV and RGP allergy, respectively, as defined with receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curves.Staining intensities of allergen tetramers correlated with allergen-specific IgE levels in serum. Inclusion of multiple allergens coupled with distinct fluorochromes in a single tubeassay enabled rapid detection of sensitization to both Lol p 1 and Lol p 5 in RGP-allergic patients and discriminated between controls, BV-allergic and RGP-allergic patients. CONCLUSION: Our novel flow cytometric assay, termed CytoBas, enables rapid and reliable detection of clinically relevant allergic sensitization. The intensity of fluorescent allergen tetramer staining of basophils has a high positive predictive value for disease and the assay can be multiplexed for a component-resolved and differential diagnostic test for allergy.

Link to publisher’s web site

Publication

  • Journal: Allergy
  • Published: 27/03/2021
  • Volume: Epub ahead of print

Authors