BACKGROUND: In clinical trials, HCV salvage treatment with Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir/Voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX) achieved an SVR12 rate of >95% in NS5A-experienced participants. Lower SVR12 rates have been reported in real-world studies, particularly for genotype (GT)3 infection and cirrhosis. We determined the efficacy and safety of SOF/VEL/VOX in a large real-world cohort. METHODS: We assessed the efficacy of salvage SOF/VEL/VOX for HCV infection in NS5A-inhibitor experienced participants with cirrhosis and portal hypertension, prior liver transplantation (LT) or severe extra-hepatic manifestations. SOF/VEL/VOX was available via an early access program. The primary outcome was SVR12. Secondary outcome was frequency of adverse events (AE). FINDINGS: Ninety-seven participants were included. Median age was 58, 82% were male, 78% had cirrhosis, most with portal hypertension (61%, n=46/76), and 18% had prior-LT. Of the cirrhotic participants, 96% were Child-Turcotte-Pugh class A and 4% were class B. Of the 72% with GT3, 76% were also cirrhotic. By intention-to-treat analysis, SVR12 rate was 85% (n=82/97). Per protocol, the SVR12 rate was 90%, including 91% in GT1 (GT1a n=18/18, GT1b n=2/4), 89% in GT3 (n=59/66) and 100% in GT6 (n=3/3). SVR12 in participants with GT3 and cirrhosis was 90%. No predictors of non-SVR12 were identified. There were four serious AEs including one death and three hepatic decompensation events. NS5A resistance-associated substitutions detected at baseline did not affect SVR12. CONCLUSION: This real-world study confirms high efficacy of SOF/VEL/VOX for the treatment of difficult-to-cure NS5A-inhibitor experienced patients, including those with GT3 and cirrhosis. Treatment was well tolerated in most however serious AEs can occur in those with advanced liver disease.
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