Publications & Reports

Efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir for HCV NS5A-inhibitor experienced patients with difficult to cure characteristics.

Papaluca T, Roberts SK, Strasser SI, Stuart KA, Farrell G, MacQuillan G, Dore GJ, Wade AJ, George J, Hazeldine S, O'Beirne J, Wigg A, Fisher L, McGarity B, Sawhney R, Sinclair M, Thomas J, Valiozis I, Weltman M, Wilson M, Woodward A, Ahlenstiel G, Haque M, Levy M, Prewett E, Sievert W, Sood S, Tse E, Valaydon Z, Bowden S, Douglas M, New K, O'Keefe J, Hellard M, Doyle J, Stoové M, Thompson AJ
St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In clinical trials, HCV salvage treatment with Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir/Voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX) achieved an SVR12 rate of >95% in NS5A-experienced participants. Lower SVR12 rates have been reported in real-world studies, particularly for genotype (GT)3 infection and cirrhosis. We determined the efficacy and safety of SOF/VEL/VOX in a large real-world cohort. METHODS: We assessed the efficacy of salvage SOF/VEL/VOX for HCV infection in NS5A-inhibitor experienced participants with cirrhosis and portal hypertension, prior liver transplantation (LT) or severe extra-hepatic manifestations. SOF/VEL/VOX was available via an early access program. The primary outcome was SVR12. Secondary outcome was frequency of adverse events (AE). FINDINGS: Ninety-seven participants were included. Median age was 58, 82% were male, 78% had cirrhosis, most with portal hypertension (61%, n=46/76), and 18% had prior-LT. Of the cirrhotic participants, 96% were Child-Turcotte-Pugh class A and 4% were class B. Of the 72% with GT3, 76% were also cirrhotic. By intention-to-treat analysis, SVR12 rate was 85% (n=82/97). Per protocol, the SVR12 rate was 90%, including 91% in GT1 (GT1a n=18/18, GT1b n=2/4), 89% in GT3 (n=59/66) and 100% in GT6 (n=3/3). SVR12 in participants with GT3 and cirrhosis was 90%. No predictors of non-SVR12 were identified. There were four serious AEs including one death and three hepatic decompensation events. NS5A resistance-associated substitutions detected at baseline did not affect SVR12. CONCLUSION: This real-world study confirms high efficacy of SOF/VEL/VOX for the treatment of difficult-to-cure NS5A-inhibitor experienced patients, including those with GT3 and cirrhosis. Treatment was well tolerated in most however serious AEs can occur in those with advanced liver disease.

Link to publisher’s web site

Publication

  • Journal: Clinical Infectious Diseases
  • Published: 05/09/2020
  • Volume: Epub ahead of print

Authors