Publications & Reports

A core outcome set for pre-eclampsia research: An international consensus development study.

Duffy JMN, Cairns AE, Richards-Doran D, van 't Hooft J, Gale C, Brown M, Chappell LC, Grobman WA, Fitzpatrick R, Karumanchi SA, Khalil A, Lucas DN, Magee LA, Mol BW, Stark M, Thangaratinam S, Wilson MJ, von Dadelszen P, Williamson PR, Ziebland S, McManus RJ; International Collaboration to Harmonise Outcomes for Pre-eclampsia (iHOPE). including CSE Homer as Collaborator
Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.


OBJECTIVE: To develop a core outcome set for pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Consensus development study. SETTING: International. POPULATION: Two hundred and eight one healthcare professionals, 41 researchers, and 110 patients, representing 56 countries, participated METHODS: Modified Delphi method and Modified Nominal Group Technique. RESULTS: A longlist of 116 potential core outcomes was developed, by combining the outcomes reported in 79 pre-eclampsia trials with those derived from thematic analysis of 30 in-depth interviews of women with lived experience of pre-eclampsia. Forty-seven consensus outcomes were identified from the Delphi process following which 14 maternal and eight offspring core outcomes were agreed at the consensus development meeting. Maternal core outcomes: death, eclampsia, stroke, cortical blindness, retinal detachment, pulmonary oedema, acute kidney injury, liver haematoma or rupture, abruption, postpartum haemorrhage, raised liver enzymes, low platelets, admission to intensive care required, and intubation and ventilation. Offspring core outcomes: stillbirth, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, small-for-gestational-age, neonatal mortality, seizures, admission to neonatal unit required, and respiratory support. CONCLUSIONS: The core outcome set for pre-eclampsia should underpin future randomised trials and systematic reviews. Such implementation should ensure future research holds the necessary reach and relevance to inform clinical practice, enhance women’s care, and improve the outcomes of pregnant women and their babies.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: BJOG
  • Published: 16/05/2020
  • Volume: 127
  • Issue: 12
  • Pagination: 1516-1526