The separation of plasma from blood cells is critical for the accuracy of blood tests because cellular fractions can create discrepancies in analysis. The most common method to separate blood cells from the liquid part of the blood is centrifugation, which is not always applicable in resource-constrained areas and countries. In this study, we describe the generation of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against glycophorin A (GPA) of human erythrocytes. BALB/c mice were immunized with human erythrocytes followed by purified GPA. The splenocytes of the immunized mice were fused with Sp2/0 myeloma cells by hybridoma technique. Hybridoma clones were screened by hemagglutination assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Six hybridoma clones were obtained and subcloned. The characterization of the purified mAbs demonstrates that they are able to bind and retain erythrocytes in hemagglutination assay. Furthermore, one of the mAbs 1A9 recognizes purified GPA in ELISA, whereas the other mAb 1G7 is able to immunoprecipitate GPA from human erythrocyte lysates, and a band of 38 kDa is detected. In conclusion, the anti-GPA mAbs are useful tools in developing a quick and easy way to separate blood plasma from whole blood for clinical tests, and in developing bi-specific antibodies for other clinical applications.
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