Publications & Reports

Low- and middle-income countries face many common barriers to implementation of maternal health evidence products.

Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie, Sobia Khan, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Monique van Lettow, Joshua P Vogel, Dina N Khan, Godfrey Mbaruku, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Kidza Mugerwa, Sami Uka, A Metin Gulmezoglu, Sharon E Straus


OBJECTIVES: To explore similarities and differences in challenges to maternal health and evidence implementation in general across several low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and to identify common and unique themes representing barriers to and facilitators of evidence implementation in LMIC health care settings. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of qualitative data. SETTING: Meeting reports and articles describing projects undertaken by the authors in five LMICs on three continents were analyzed. Projects focused on identifying barriers to and facilitators of implementation of evidence products: five World Health Organization maternal health guidelines, and a knowledge translation strategy to improve adherence to tuberculosis treatment. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. RESULTS: Among identified barriers to evidence implementation, a high degree of commonality was found across countries and clinical areas, with lack of financial, material, and human resources most prominent. In contrast, few facilitators were identified varied substantially across countries and evidence implementation products. CONCLUSION: By identifying common barriers and areas requiring additional attention to ensure capture of unique barriers and facilitators, these findings provide a starting point for development of a framework to guide the assessment of barriers to and facilitators of maternal health and potentially to evidence implementation more generally in LMICs.


  • Journal: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
  • Published: 01/08/2016
  • Volume: 76
  • Pagination: 229-237