Publications & Reports

Plasmepsin V cleaves malaria effector proteins in a distinct endoplasmic reticulum translocation interactome for export to the erythrocyte.

Marapana DS, Dagley LF, Sandow JJ, Nebl T, Triglia T, Pasternak M, Dickerman BK, Crabb BS, Gilson PR, Webb AI, Boddey JA, Cowman AF
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


Plasmodium falciparum exports hundreds of virulence proteins within infected erythrocytes, a process that requires cleavage of a pentameric motif called Plasmodium export element or vacuolar transport signal by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protease plasmepsin V. We identified plasmepsin V-binding proteins that form a unique interactome required for the translocation of effector cargo into the parasite ER. These interactions are functionally distinct from the Sec61-signal peptidase complex required for the translocation of proteins destined for the classical secretory pathway. This interactome does not involve the signal peptidase (SPC21) and consists of PfSec61, PfSPC25, plasmepsin V and PfSec62, which is an essential component of the post-translational ER translocon. Together, they form a distinct portal for the recognition and translocation of a large subset of Plasmodium export element effector proteins into the ER, thereby remodelling the infected erythrocyte that is required for parasite survival and pathogenesis.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: Nature Microbiology
  • Published: 20/08/2018
  • Volume: 3
  • Issue: 9
  • Pagination: 1010-1022