INTRODUCTION: Broad availability of direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) raises the possibility that HCV prevalence and incidence can be reduced through scaling-up treatment, leading to the elimination of HCV. High rates of linkage to HIV care among HIV-infected gay and bisexual men may facilitate high uptake of HCV treatment, possibly making HCV elimination more achievable in this group. Areas covered: This review covers HCV elimination in HIV-infected gay and bisexual men, including epidemiology, spontaneous clearance and long term sequelae in the absence of direct-acting antiviral therapy; direct-acting antiviral therapy uptake and effectiveness in this group; HCV reinfection following successful treatment; and areas for further research. Expert commentary: Early data from the direct-acting antiviral era suggest that treatment uptake is increasing among HIV infected GBM, and SVR rates are very promising. However, in order to sustain current treatment rates, additional interventions at the behavioral, physician, and structural levels may be required to increase HCV diagnosis, including prompt detection of HCV reinfection. Timely consideration of these issues is required to maximize the population-level impact of HCV direct-acting antiviral therapy. Potential HCV transmissions from HIV-uninfected GBM, across international borders, and from those who are not GBM also warrant consideration.
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