Metabolism plays a fundamental role in supporting the growth, proliferation and effector functions of T cells. We investigated the impact of HIV infection on key processes that regulate glucose uptake and mitochondrial biogenesis in subpopulations of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from 18 virologically-suppressed HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART; median CD4+ cell count: 728 cells/μl) and 13 HIV seronegative controls. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were also analysed in total CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Among HIV+/cART individuals, expression of glucose transporter (Glut1) and mitochondrial density were highest within central memory and naïve CD4+ T cells, and lowest among effector memory and transitional memory T cells, with similar trends in HIV-negative controls. Compared to HIV-negative controls, there was a trend towards higher percentage of circulating CD4+Glut1+ T cells in HIV+/cART participants. There were no significant differences in mitochondrial dynamics between subject groups. Glut1 expression was positively correlated with mitochondrial density and MMP in total CD4+ T cells, while MMP was also positively correlated with ROS production in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Our study characterizes specific metabolic features of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in HIV-negative and HIV+/cART individuals and will invite future studies to explore the immunometabolic consequences of HIV infection.
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This research was supported by the Australian Centre for HIV and Hepatitis Virology
) and a 2010 developmental grant (CNIHR) from the University of Washington
Center for AIDS Research (CFAR), an NIH funded program under award number
AI027757 which is supported by the following NIH Institutes and Centers (NIAID, NCI,
NIMH, NIDA, NICHD, NHLBI, NIA). C.S.P is a recipient of the CNIHR and ACH2 grant.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution to this work of the Victorian Operational
Infrastructure Support Program received by the Burnet Institute. We acknowledge the assistance
of Geza Paukovic and Eva Orlowski-Oliver from the AMREP Flow Cytometry Core
Facility for flow cytometry training and technical advice. J.JR.M acknowledges Hudson Birden
at James Cook University for administrative support.