Publications & Reports

Patterns of HIV Treatment Adherence do not Differ Between Male and Female Adolescents in Botswana.

Ioannides KL, Chapman J, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Anabwani G, Gross R, Lowenthal ED


We hypothesized that longer and more frequent dosing gaps among boys in Botswana taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared to girls could account for previously seen gender-specific differences in outcomes. We monitored 154 male and 134 female adolescents for 2 years with medication event monitoring systems (MEMS). Median adherence was 95.6 % for males and 95.7 % for females (p = 0.40). There were no significant gender differences in the number of ≥7 day (p = 0.55) and ≥14 day (p = 0.48) dosing gaps. The median maximal gap was 7.7 days for males and 8.0 days for females (p = 0.47). These findings are not consistent with clinically meaningful gender differences in adherence.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: AIDS and Behavior
  • Published: 01/02/2016
  • Volume: 21(2):410-414
  • Issue: 2
  • Pagination: 410-414



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