Deported migrants face numerous challenges which may elevate their risk for drug use. We examined relationships between integration and drug use among deported migrants in Tijuana, Mexico. A cross-sectional survey conducted at a free health clinic included 255 deported Mexican-born migrants residing in Tijuana >/=6 months. Multivariable logistic regression examined associations between variables across four integration domains (public participation, social connections, macro-level facilitators and foundations) and recent (past 6-month) drug use. The prevalence of recent drug use was 46 %. Having sought work in Tijuana in the past 6 months, greater household affluence, lifetime history of incarceration in both US and Mexico, and lacking health insurance were independently associated with recent drug use. Policies that support access to employment, adequate housing and healthcare in Mexico, particularly for justice-involved deportees, may facilitate successful integration and reduce potential stressors that may contribute to drug use.
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We acknowledge funding from the following sources: Australian Endeavour Awards (#4722_2015 - Horyniak), Australian National Health & Medical Research Council (Early Career Fellowship #1092077 - Horyniak), US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (T32AA007240 - Pinedo), US National Institute on Drug Abuse (K01DA025504 - Ojeda), US National Institute of Mental Health (K01MH095680 - Burgos), University of California GloCal Health Fellowship (Ojeda), and Center for US-Mexican Studies Fellowship (Ojeda).