Publications & Reports

Engineering anti-Lewis-Y hu3S193 antibodies with improved therapeutic ratio for radioimmunotherapy of epithelial cancers.

Burvenich IJ, Lee FT, O'Keefe GJ, Makris D, Cao D, Gong S, Rigopoulos A, Allan LC, Brechbiel MW, Liu Z, Ramsland PA, Scott AM
Tumour Targeting Laboratory, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore Fc mutations of a humanised anti-Lewis-Y antibody (IgG1) hu3S193 as a strategy to improve therapeutic ratios for therapeutic payload delivery. METHODS: Four hu3S193 variants (I253A, H310A, H435A and I253A/H310A) were generated via site-directed mutagenesis and radiolabelled with diagnostic isotopes iodine-125 or indium-111. Biodistribution studies in Lewis-Y-positive tumour-bearing mice were used to calculate the dose in tumours and organs for therapeutic isotopes (iodine-131, yttrium-90 and lutetium-177). RESULTS: (111)In-labelled I253A and H435A showed similar slow kinetics (t 1/2beta, 63.2 and 62.2 h, respectively) and a maximum tumour uptake of 33.11 +/- 4.05 and 33.69 +/- 3.77 percentage injected dose per gramme (%ID/g), respectively. (111)In-labelled I253A/H310A cleared fastest (t 1/2beta, 9.1 h) with the lowest maximum tumour uptake (23.72 +/- 0.85 %ID/g). The highest increase in tumour-to-blood area under the curve (AUC) ratio was observed with the metal-labelled mutants ((90)Y and (177)Lu). (177)Lu-CHX-A" DTPA-hu3S193 I253A/H310A (6:1) showed the highest tumour-to-blood AUC ratio compared to wild type (3:1) and other variants and doubling of calculated dose to tumour based on red marrow dose constraints. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that hu3S193 Fc can be engineered with improved therapeutic ratios for (90)Y- and (177)Lu-based therapy, with the best candidate being hu3S193 I253A/H310A for (177)Lu-based therapy.

Publication

  • Journal: EJNMMI Research
  • Published: 17/03/2016
  • Volume: 6
  • Issue: 1
  • Pagination: 26

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