Publications & Reports

HIV and Sexual Risk Among Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women in Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Bowring AL, Veronese V, Doyle JS, Stoové M, Hellard M
Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia. [email protected]


We performed a systematic review to estimate the proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Asia who are bisexual and compare prevalence of HIV and sexual risk between men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and men who have sex with men only (MSMO). Forty-eight articles based on 55 unique samples were identified from nine countries in Asia. Bisexual behaviour was common among MSM (pooled prevalence 32.8 %). Prevalence of HIV (pooled OR 0.90; 95 % CI 0.77-1.05), recent syphilis infection (pooled OR 0.99; 95 % CI 0.93-1.06) and unprotected anal intercourse (pooled OR 0.80; 95 % CI 0.57-1.11) were similar between MSMW and MSMO, but heterogeneity was high. MSMW had lower odds of reporting a prior HIV test than MSMO (OR 0.82; 95 % CI 0.70-0.95; p = 0.01, I2 = 0 %). Targeted interventions are needed to increase uptake of HIV testing among MSMW. Increased reporting of disaggregated data in surveillance and research will help improve understanding of risk in MSMW and inform targeted interventions.

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The authors would like to thank Suwat Chariyalertsak and Antika Wongthanee for providing supplementary data for Chariyalertsak (2011) and Michel Alary and Rajaram S for providing data for Phillips (2010). Thank you to Paul Agius for providing statistical support. The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution to this work of the Victorian Operational Infrastructure Support Program received by the Burnet Institute. MH, MS and JD are recipients of NHMRC Fellowships; AB is supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award through Monash University; and VV is supported by a NHMRC scholarship.


  • Journal: AIDS and Behavior
  • Published: 18/01/2016
  • Volume: 20
  • Issue: 10
  • Pagination: 2243-2265