Publications & Reports

Reliable Genotypic Tropism Tests for the Major HIV-1 Subtypes.

Cashin K, Gray LR, Harvey KL, Perez-Bercoff D, Lee GQ, Sterjovski J, Roche M, Demarest JF, Drummond F, Harrigan PR, Churchill MJ, Gorry PR
1] Center for Biomedical Research, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia 3004 [2] Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia 3010.

Abstract

Over the past decade antiretroviral drugs have dramatically improved the prognosis for HIV-1 infected individuals, yet achieving better access to vulnerable populations remains a challenge. The principal obstacle to the CCR5-antagonist, maraviroc, from being more widely used in anti-HIV-1 therapy regimens is that the pre-treatment genotypic “tropism tests” to determine virus susceptibility to maraviroc have been developed primarily for HIV-1 subtype B strains, which account for only 10% of infections worldwide. We therefore developed PhenoSeq, a suite of HIV-1 genotypic tropism assays that are highly sensitive and specific for establishing the tropism of HIV-1 subtypes A, B, C, D and circulating recombinant forms of subtypes AE and AG, which together account for 95% of HIV-1 infections worldwide. The PhenoSeq platform will inform the appropriate use of maraviroc and future CCR5 blocking drugs in regions of the world where non-B HIV-1 predominates, which are burdened the most by the HIV-1 pandemic.

Publication

  • Journal: Scientific Reports
  • Published: 25/02/2015
  • Volume: 5
  • Pagination: 8543

Author

Health Issue

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