Publications & Reports

Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 1. Proposed clinical case definitions for classification of intrathoracic tuberculosis disease. Consensus from an expert panel.

Stephen M Graham, Tahmeed Ahmed, Farhana Amanullah, Renee Browning, Vicky Cardenas, Martina Casenghi, Luis E Cuevas, Marianne Gale, Robert P Gie, Malgosia Grzemska, Ed Handelsman, Mark Hatherill, Anneke C Hesseling, Patrick Jean-Philippe, Beate Kampmann, Sushil Kumar Kabra, Christian Lienhardt, Jennifer Lighter-Fisher, Shabir Madhi, Mamodikoe Makhene, Ben J Marais, David F McNeeley, Heather Menzies, Charles Mitchell, Surbhi Modi, Lynne Mofenson, Philippa Musoke, Sharon Nachman, Clydette Powell, Mona Rigaud, Vanessa Rouzier, Jeffrey R Starke, Soumya Swaminathan, Claire Wingfield
Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics and Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. [email protected]


There is a critical need for improved diagnosis of tuberculosis in children, particularly in young children with intrathoracic disease as this represents the most common type of tuberculosis in children and the greatest diagnostic challenge. There is also a need for standardized clinical case definitions for the evaluation of diagnostics in prospective clinical research studies that include children in whom tuberculosis is suspected but not confirmed by culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A panel representing a wide range of expertise and child tuberculosis research experience aimed to develop standardized clinical research case definitions for intrathoracic tuberculosis in children to enable harmonized evaluation of new tuberculosis diagnostic technologies in pediatric populations. Draft definitions and statements were proposed and circulated widely for feedback. An expert panel then considered each of the proposed definitions and statements relating to clinical definitions. Formal group consensus rules were established and consensus was reached for each statement. The definitions presented in this article are intended for use in clinical research to evaluate diagnostic assays and not for individual patient diagnosis or treatment decisions. A complementary article addresses methodological issues to consider for research of diagnostics in children with suspected tuberculosis.


  • Journal: The Journal of Infectious Diseases
  • Published: 15/05/2012
  • Volume: 205 Suppl 2
  • Pagination: S199-S208


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