COVID-19 represents an unprecedented health, social and economic challenge in Australia and around the world. Support Burnet’s COVID-19 emergency response today.
SUMMARY Painful HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is an early recognized neurological complication of HIV. The introduction of effective HIV treatments saw increased rates of HIV-SN, with some antiretrovirals (notably stavudine) being neurotoxic. Although neurotoxic antiretrovirals are being phased out, the available data suggest that incident HIV-SN will remain common, impairing quality of life, mobility and ability to work. Despite its major clinical importance, the pathogenesis and determinants of pain in HIV-SN are poorly understood, and effective prevention and analgesic strategies are lacking. Here, we review what is known about the rates and risk factors for painful HIV-SN, the laboratory models informing our understanding of neuropathic pain in HIV, and the future clinical and laboratory work needed to fully understand this debilitating condition and provide effective management strategies for those affected.