Publications & Reports

The increased risk of fatal liver disease in renal transplant patients who are hepatitis Be antigen and/or HBV DNA positive.

Fairley CK, Mijch A, Gust ID, Nichilson S, Dimitrakakis M, Lucas CR
Fairfield Hospital, Victoria, Australia.


To determine whether active viral replication is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) undergoing renal transplantation, we reviewed 23 years of experience at our hospital. Over the period 1966-1989, 42 chronic carriers of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) received renal transplants, 32 of whom had functioning grafts for 12 months or longer. Stored sera were tested for markers of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection, and the serologic findings were correlated with clinical and biochemical data. The presence of HBV DNA and/or hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg) in serum samples collected prior to transplantation was associated with an increased probability of death from liver disease. Whereas 5 of 10 patients in this group died of chronic liver disease, only 1 of 15 patients who were HBV DNA and/or HBeAg negative prior to transplantation died of liver disease. This difference is highly significant (P less than 0.02). No difference in outcome was attributable to age at transplantation, gender, country of birth, or the presence of abnormal hepatic transaminase levels prior to transplantation.


  • Journal: Transplantation
  • Published: 01/09/1991
  • Volume: 52
  • Issue: 3
  • Pagination: 497-500

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