Publications & Reports

Adoptive transfer: the role of perforin in mouse cytotoxic T lymphocyte rejection of human tumor xenografts in vivo.

Smyth MJ, Kershaw MH, Darcy PK, Trapani JA
Cellular Cytotoxicity Laboratory, The Austin Research Institute, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.


The popliteal lymph node cells of immunocompetent mice generated a strong in vitro cytotoxic response to footpad injection of several human tumor cell lines and the resulting mouse effector cells predominantly used a perforin-mediated cytotoxic mechanism. A relatively minor FasL-dependent cytotoxic response to CEM-CCRF and Jurkat leukemias, but not colon carcinoma COLO 205 cells, was also detected in immunized perforin-deficient mice. In vitro depletion of CD3+ CD8+ T cells, but not CD4+ T or NK1.1+ cells, completely inhibited lysis of human tumor cells, suggesting that CD3+ CD8+ T cells were effectors of perforin-mediated xenospecific cytotoxicity. Xenospecific cytotoxic T cells from wild-type mice were extremely efficient at rejecting tumor when adoptively transferred into scid mice bearing established COLO 205, CEM-CCRF, or Jurkat tumor xenografts. By contrast, cytotoxic T lymphocytes of perforin-deficient mice had no effect on the growth of established tumor xenografts. These data indicate that perforin, and hence direct cytotoxicity, plays a key role in the ability of adoptively transferred CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes to eradicate established xenografts.


  • Journal: Xenotransplantation
  • Published: 01/05/1998
  • Volume: 5
  • Issue: 2
  • Pagination: 146-153