Publications & Reports

A direct comparison of cytolytic T-lymphocyte responses to Melan-A peptides in vitro: differential immunogenicity of Melan-A27-35 and Melan-A26-35.

Chen Q, Jackson H, Cebon J, Gibbs P, Davis ID, Trapani JA
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Melbourne Tumour Biology Branch, Austin Repat Cancer Centre, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.


In this study we directly compared the in vitro responses of T-cells from normal donors and melanoma patients to Melan-A27-35 and Melan-A26-35. These peptides have been previously used in peptide-based vaccination studies. Following three stimulations with peptide-pulsed antigen-presenting cells in vitro, Melan-A-specific cytolytic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) were generated from seven of 20 subjects; two of the seven subjects responded reproducibly to both Melan-A27-35 and Melan-A26-35, three to only Melan-A27-35 and two to only Melan-A26-35. However, CTLs generated with either Melan-A27-35 or Melan-A26-35 showed cross recognition, and both types of CTL could recognize naturally processed antigen displayed on HLA-A2+ tumour cells. Furthermore, Melan-A-specific CTLs could also be generated by stimulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells with autologous melanoma cells. Our results suggest that some subjects may have a bias in their CTL repertoire which favours the generation of Melan-A27-35 specific CTLs, while others may favour Melan-A26-35 specific CTLs. It is also likely that CTL precursors capable of detecting both peptides may have different affinities to the two Melan-A peptides. Since it is difficult to predict the CTL responses to Melan-A peptide in a given individual, we suggest vaccinating with both Melan-A27-35 and Melan-A26-35 peptides in clinical trials.


  • Journal: Melanoma Research
  • Published: 01/02/2000
  • Volume: 10
  • Issue: 1
  • Pagination: 16-25