Publications & Reports

A role for IL-5 in the induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vivo.

Apostolopoulos V, McKenzie IF, Lees C, Matthaei KI, Young IG
The Austin Research Institute, ARMC, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia. [email protected]

Abstract

IL-5 is generally regarded as a Th2 cytokine involved in eosinophil maturation and function and in B cell growth and antibody production, but without any well-established effects on T cells. Early reports suggested that IL-5 could stimulate the production of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in vitro, but no evidence has been obtained to date for such a role in studies with IL-5-deficient (IL-5-/-) mice. Here we demonstrate that when oxidized mannan MUC1 fusion protein (M-FP) is used as an antigen in mice, IL-5 is required for the optimal generation of the CTL response. IL-5 was as effective as IL-2 for the induction of CTL from spleen cells in vitro and both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from M-FP-immunized animals could be shown to secrete IL-5 in culture. In IL-5-/- mice, CTLp frequency was greatly diminished resulting in the inability to reject MUC1- tumors. Clearly, IL-5 is produced by functional T cells, especially the Tc1 type, after M-FP immunization and is required for an optimal CTL response to this antigen.

Publication

  • Journal: European Journal of Immunology
  • Published: 01/06/2000
  • Volume: 30
  • Issue: 6
  • Pagination: 1733-1739