Publications & Reports

The effectiveness of cultural competence programs in ethnic minority patient-centered health care--a systematic review of the literature.

Renzaho AM, Romios P, Crock C, Sønderlund AL
1International Public Health Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 3, Burnet Building, 89 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, 3800 Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE: /st>To examine the effectiveness of patient-centered care (PCC) models, which incorporate a cultural competence (CC) perspective, in improving health outcomes among culturally and linguistically diverse patients. DATA SOURCES: /st>The search included seven EBSCO-host databases: Academic Search Complete, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL with Full Text, Global Health, MEDLINE with Full Text, PsycINFO PsycARTICLES, PsycEXTRA, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection and Pubmed, Web of Knowledge and Google Scholar. STUDY SELECTION: /st>The review was undertaken following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and the critical appraisals skill program guidelines, covering the period from January 2000 to July 2011.Data extractionData were extracted from the studies using a piloted form, including fields for study research design, population under study, setting, sample size, study results and limitations. RESULTS OF DATA SYNTHESIS: /st>The initial search identified 1450 potentially relevant studies. Only 13 met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 11 were quantitative studies and 2 were qualitative. The conclusions drawn from the retained studies indicated that CC PCC programs increased practitioners' knowledge, awareness and cultural sensitivity. No significant findings were identified in terms of improved patient health outcomes. CONCLUSION: /st>PCC models that incorporate a CC component are increased practitioners' knowledge about and awareness of dealing with culturally diverse patients. However, there is a considerable lack of research looking into whether this increase in practitioner knowledge translates into better practice, and in turn improved patient-related outcomes. More research examining this specific relationship is, thus, needed.

Link to publisher’s web site

Publication

  • Journal: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
  • Published: 22/01/2013
  • Volume: 25
  • Issue: 3
  • Pagination: 261-269