Publications & Reports

Antagonistic effects of human cyclic MBP(87-99) altered peptide ligands in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis and human T-cell proliferation.

Tselios T, Apostolopoulos V, Daliani I, Deraos S, Grdadolnik S, Mavromoustakos T, Melachrinou M, Thymianou S, Probert L, Mouzaki A, Matsoukas J
Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, 26500 Patras, Greece.

Abstract

The immunodominant myelin basic protein (MBP) peptide comprising residues 87-99 is a self-antigen in multiple sclerosis (MS). In Lewis rats this epitope induces experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, and is a model of MS. Structure-activity studies have shown that Lys(91) and Pro(96) residues are important for encephalitogenicity. Replacement of Lys and/or Pro residues with Arg and/or Ala, respectively, results in suppression of EAE. A potent linear altered peptide ligand of the immunodominant sequence MBP(83-99) has been selected for clinical trial (Nat. Med. 2000, 6, 1167, 1176). In the present report, two cyclic analogues, cyclo(91-99)[Ala(96)]MBP(87-99) and cyclo(87-99)[Arg(91), Ala(96)]MBP(87-99) were designed by NMR and molecular modeling data on human MBP(87-99) epitope (Val(87)-His-Phe-Phe-Lys-Asn-Ile-Val-Thr-Pro-Arg-Thr-Pro(99)) and its linear antagonist peptide analogue [Arg(91), Ala(96)]MBP(87-99). These analogues (altered peptide ligands) inhibited EAE in Lewis rats and decreased inflammation in the spinal cord. In addition, the analogue cyclo(87-99)[Arg(91), Ala(96)]MBP(87-99) induced proliferation of human peripheral blood T-cells. These cyclic MBP(87-99) peptide analogues may lead to the design of potent antagonist mimetics for treating MS.

Publication

  • Journal: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
  • Published: 17/01/2002
  • Volume: 45
  • Issue: 2
  • Pagination: 275-283