Publications & Reports

Susceptibility of human monocytes to HIV type 1 infection in vitro is not dependent on their level of CD4 expression.

Sonza S, Maerz A, Uren S, Violo A, Hunter S, Boyle W, Crowe S
AIDS Pathogenesis Research Unit, Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research, Fairfield, Victoria, Australia.


Monocytes from HIV-seronegative persons were analyzed for CD4 expression and susceptibility to infection with HIV-1 on the day of isolation and following 1, 2, and 7 days in culture. Although surface CD4 was readily detected on freshly isolated monocytes, these cells were relatively resistant to infection. After 1 to 2 days in culture, when surface expression of CD4 had decreased over 90% to near background levels, cells became susceptible to infection with HIV-1. CD4 expression on monocytes cultured for 7 days was more than four times higher than that on freshly isolated cells, and the cultured cells were fully permissive to infection. These observations suggest that the differing susceptibility of monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages to infection with HIV-1 is not simply proportional to the level of surface CD4 expression.


  • Journal: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
  • Published: 01/07/1995
  • Volume: 11
  • Issue: 7
  • Pagination: 769-776

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