Publications & Reports

Improved colorimetric assay for detecting influenza B virus neutralizing antibody responses to vaccination and infection.

G A Tannock, J A Paul, R Herd, R D Barry, A L Reid, M J Hensley, R S Gillett, S M Gillett, P Lawrance, R L Henry


An automated neutralization test for influenza B virus is described in which antibody titers are determined according to the release of neutral red from infected or uninfected cells of the Madin-Darby canine kidney line. Endpoints are determined in a standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay reader. The test requires no expensive immunologic reagents and was used to evaluate responses to both vaccination and natural infection against influenza B virus. Overall responses to vaccination were comparable with those obtained by hemagglutination inhibition, using Tween-ether-split influenza B/Ann Arbor/1/86 virus as the antigen (the HI-TE test). The sensitivities of neutralization responses compared with those obtained by the HI-TE test for two vaccines were 88 and 89%; the specificities were lower at 61 and 60%, respectively. Responses to vaccination, measured by hemagglutination inhibition, were significantly higher with split virus compared with whole virus. However, seroconversion by both the HI-TE and neutralization tests was observed in 5 of 10 individuals from whom virus was detected by either culture of nasal or throat washings or the presence of antigen from immunofluorescence in cells from nasal washings.


  • Journal: Journal of clinical microbiology
  • Published: 01/03/1989
  • Volume: 27
  • Issue: 3
  • Pagination: 524-528