Publications & Reports

Pim-1 expression and monoclonal antibody targeting in human leukemia cell lines.

Li J, Hu XF, Loveland BE, Xing PX
Cancer Immunotherapy Laboratory, Burnet Institute Incorporating Austin Research Institute, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.


OBJECTIVE: Based on our previous findings that Pim-1 was expressed on the cell surface and could be targeted with a highly specific anti-Pim-1 monoclonal antibody (P9), this study aims to evaluate the possibility that Pim-1 could be targeted for the treatment of human leukemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pim-1 expression was investigated in a series of human leukemia cell lines with immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. The inhibitory effect of P9 on cell proliferation was evaluated with (3)H-thymidine incorporation assay. Cell apoptosis was assayed with Annexin-V/propidium iodide dual staining. The in vivo effect of P9 was evaluated with xenograft tumor models in severe combined immunodeficient mice. RESULTS: Pim-1 expression varied depending on the cell lines and correlated with the inhibitory effects mediated by P9. An association between Pim-1 expression and drug resistance was observed. Although the drug-resistant CEM/A7R cells were highly resistant to cytotoxic P-glycoprotein substrates, their growth was inhibited by P9 as demonstrated by in vitro proliferation assay and in vivo inhibition of xenograft tumors. P9 had little effect on P-glycoprotein expression and intracellular Rhodamine 123 accumulation, but it inhibited the phosphorylation of Bad and induced apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Pim-1 is variably expressed in leukemia cell lines and associated with drug resistance. Targeting Pim-1 with monoclonal antibody could be explored for the treatment of leukemia and may represent a novel strategy to overcome drug resistance.


  • Journal: Experimental Hematology
  • Published: 01/11/2009
  • Volume: 37
  • Issue: 11
  • Pagination: 1284-1294