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Simplified colorimetric analysis of polymerase chain reactions: detection of HIV sequences in AIDS patients.

Kemp DJ, Churchill MJ, Smith DB, Biggs BA, Foote SJ, Peterson MG, Samaras N, Deacon NJ, Doherty R

  • Journal Gene

  • Published 29 Jan 1991

  • Volume 94

  • ISSUE 2

  • Pagination 223-8

  • DOI 10.1016/0378-1119(90)90391-4


We have previously described a colorimetric test, designated an amplified DNA assay (ADA), for specific segments of DNA amplified by polymerase chain reactions (PCRs), suited to diagnostic applications. This relied on binding the amplified DNA via a sequence in one oligodeoxyribonucleotide (oligo) to the DNA-binding protein GCN4 coated on the wells of a microtiter dish. Avidin-peroxidase was then bound to biotin at the 5' end of the other oligo and detected colorimetrically. Two successive PCRs with nested oligos were utilized. We describe here several modifications that greatly simplify the ADA. First, we bind the DNA to a glutathione S-transferase-GCN4 fused polypeptide (GST-GCN4) and avidin-peroxidase simultaneously, rather than successively. Second, we carry out the two successive PCRs in the one reaction mixture, using the thermal stabilities of oligos of differing lengths to separate the two reactions. Third, PCRs can be performed in the wells of a microtiter dish and the amplified DNA captured and detected via GST-GCN4 immobilized on beads attached to the lid of the microtiter dish. Hence it is only necessary to pipette the DNA sample once, and up to 96 samples can then be handled simultaneously.