close Icon

Long-term follow-up of contacts exposed to multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Victoria, Australia, 1995-2010.

Denholm JT, Leslie DE, Jenkin GA, Darby J, Johnson PD, Graham SM, Brown GV, Sievers A, Globan M, Brown LK, McBryde ES

VIEW FULL ARTICLE
  • Journal The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

  • Published 03 Aug 2012

  • Volume 16

  • ISSUE 10

  • Pagination 1320-5

  • DOI 10.5588/ijtld.12.0092

Abstract

The effectiveness of public health strategies following exposure to multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is not clear.

To perform long-term follow-up of MDR-TB contacts and review individual outcomes and management approaches.

Retrospective review of MDR-TB contacts identified by the Victorian Department of Health from 1995 to 2010. Health records, including personal medical and pharmacy records and statewide clinical and laboratory TB databases, were searched to identify management strategies and individual outcomes.

A total of 570 contacts of 47 MDR-TB cases were identified, with a total follow-up period of 3093 person-years of observation (PYO) since exposure. Of 570 contacts, 49 (8.6%) were considered likely to have been infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis from index cases, and 11/49 (22.5%) of these were prescribed preventive therapy tailored to isolate susceptibility. No MDR-TB cases occurred in those receiving preventive treatment, while two cases were observed in those not treated (incidence 2878/100‚ÄČ000 PYO during the first 2 years post exposure).

The risk of MDR-TB transmission to close contacts in this low-prevalence setting highlights the potential for public health strategies involving preventive treatment.